Policies Manual

Insurance Certificates

Army Cadet Expedition Web Site






























History of Army Cadets

(Visit www.armycadethistory.com for more interesting history facts!)
  • More than one hundred years ago (as far back as 1862) Canada began the instruction of young men attending school in drill and military training. These young men were initially formed into militia sub units known as Drill Associations that closely resemble present-day cadet corps.
  • 1879 - Under the provision of Militia General Order 18, Associations for Drill in Educational Institutions were authorized for young men of at least 14 years of age. This General Order is taken as the official founding date of the Royal Canadian Army Cadets.

  • 1887 - Regulations and Orders for the Militia authorized the issue of equipment to schools for the purpose of training young men aged 12 years or older, provided that drill and military training become a part of the educational course of schools and time be specified and devoted to its instruction.

  • 1898 - Drill Associations became Cadet Corps.

  • 1908 - An Order-in-Council approved by the Minister of National Defence undertook, on behalf of the Dominion of Canada, to:
    • provide instructors in physical training and military drill to qualify school teachers;
    • conduct examinations for the qualifying of school teachers; and
    • pay a bonus for qualified teachers.
      In return, provinces must enforce the regulations regarding physical training and military drill and encourage the formation of cadet corps.

  • The Strathcona Agreement of 1910 was one of the greatest factors influencing growth of the Canadian Cadet Movement. Lord Strathcona, Canadian High Commissioner to Great Britain, deposited $500,000 in trust with the Dominion government to encourage Canadian cadets in citizenship and patriotism through physical training, marksmanship and military drill taught in school. The trust fund continues to support cadet activities today.

  • World War I
    • by 1918, there were more than 64,000 cadets
    • more than 40,000 former army cadets voluntary enlisted to serve in World War I
    • of the 64 Victoria Crosses awarded during World War I, 25 were bestowed upon former army cadets

  • 1919 to 1939 - Cadet training declined. A decrease in expenditures caused by the Depression resulted in a reduction of grants paid to sponsor cadet corps.

  • World War II
    • 1939 - cadet enrollment increased until the size of the cadet organization reached almost twice that of its prewar status.
    • 1941 - The Ministers of Defence for the Navy, Army and Air Force jointly requested that provincial education departments actively cooperate in the formation of cadet corps.
    • By the end of the war, there were approximately 115,000 army cadets.
    • The majority of young men attending secondary school were receiving pre-service training.
    • It is believed that more than 124,000 former army cadets voluntarily enlisted to serve in the Armed Forces during the war

  • more than 19,000 received commissions and more than 27,000 were awarded decorations.

  • 1942 - His Majesty King George VI conferred the title Royal on the Army cadets and accepted the appointment of Colonel-in-Chief.
    • His Royal Highness Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, is currently Colonel-in-Chief

  • After World War II, a quota of 50,000 was set in an effort to effectively and economically train army cadets.

  • During the 1960's, the Canadian Forces underwent a complete reorganization and as a result the Directorate of Cadets was established at National Defence Headquarters to set policy and coordinate the activities of the Canadian Cadet Organization on a national basis.

  • 1971 - The Army Cadet League of Canada was formed to work in partnership with DND in support of Army Cadets.
    • Cadet Instructors Cadre (formerly Cadet Instructors List) was formalized

  • 1975 - Bill C16 was given Royal Assent on July 30, 1975 and amended the National Defence Act allowing young women to enroll as cadets.

  • 1985 - His Royal Highness Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Colonel-in-Chief, presented the Royal Canadian Army Cadet Banner, the Royal Canadian Army Cadet Pipe Banner and the Royal Canadian Army Cadet Trumpet Banner at Banff Army Cadet National Summer Training Centre

  • Army Cadet Motto
    As the Maple, so the Sapling